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Home Archive for category "Shadow Banking"
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Summary of Basel Committee’s Final Large Exposures Framework

Following is a summary of the Basel Committee’s final framework for measuring, reporting and limiting a bank’s exposures to single counterparties and groups of connected counterparties. The large exposures framework, which relies on a number of concepts in the Basel Committee’s risk-based capital framework, is intended to ensure greater international consistency in regulatory and supervisory approaches to large exposures and to act as a backstop to risk-based capital requirements.

Blackline Showing Changes: Davis Polk’s blackline of the Basel Committee’s April 2014 final vs.…  Read More

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Visual Summaries of Final Dodd-Frank Enhanced Prudential Standards

We have prepared two visual summaries of the Federal Reserve’s Dodd-Frank enhanced prudential standards final rule.  One visual summary focuses on requirements that apply to U.S. bank holding companies (BHCs) and the other focuses on requirements that apply to foreign banks, including the U.S. intermediate holding company (IHC) requirement.

Visual Summary for U.S. BHCs >>

Visual Summary for Foreign Banks >> Read More

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Governor Tarullo Outlines Federal Reserve’s Prudential Regulatory Priorities for 2014

In his written testimony before the Senate Banking Committee on Dodd-Frank implementation, Federal Reserve Board Governor Daniel K. Tarullo outlined the Federal Reserve’s prudential regulatory and supervisory priorities for 2014.  As discussed further in this blog post, these priorities include, among other things: (1) finalizing, in the “near term,” Dodd-Frank enhanced prudential standards for large domestic and foreign banking firms; (2) proposing, “fairly soon,” to implement the Basel Committee’s risk-based capital surcharge for global systemically important banks (G-SIBs); (3) finalizing, in the “coming months,” higher Basel III supplementary leverage ratio standards for the 8 U.S.…  Read More

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Overview of European Commission’s Proposal on Reporting and Transparency of Securities Financing Transactions (SFTs)

Alongside its proposed EU banking sector structural reforms, the European Commission (EC) has issued a proposal regarding the reporting and transparency of securities financing transactions (SFTs).  This blog post provides a high-level overview of certain aspects of the EC’s SFT proposal.

EC’s Stated Rationale for the SFT Proposal:  The EC stated that “[t]o prevent banks from shifting parts of their activity to the less-regulated shadow banking sector, it is important that any structural separation measure [such as the EC’s proposed banking sector structural reforms] is accompanied by measures improving the transparency of shadow banking.”  According to the EC, transparency helps ensure that authorities and market participants have an appropriate understanding of how the markets work and the magnitude and nature of any potential risks. …  Read More

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Federal Reserve Governor Tarullo Discusses Short-term Wholesale Funding and Potential Regulatory Remedies

Today, Federal Reserve Governor Daniel K. Tarullo delivered a speech discussing the potential financial stability concerns raised by short-term wholesale funding in the form of securities financing transactions (SFTs), which include repo and reverse repo, securities lending and borrowing, and securities margin lending transactions.  Governor Tarullo also discussed possible regulatory measures to address these concerns, including (1) regulatory capital surcharge calculated by reference to a firm’s reliance on SFTs and other forms of short-term wholesale funding (2) modifications to capital and liquidity standards such as standardized banking book risk weights, trading book capital charges and Basel III net stable funding ratio (NSFR) and (3) universal margin requirements for SFTs.…  Read More

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Federal Reserve Governor Stein Discusses Fire-sales Problem Associated with Securities Financing Transactions and Potential Policy Remedies

Today, Federal Reserve Governor Jeremy C. Stein delivered a speech discussing the fire-sales problem associated with securities financing transactions (SFTs) and potential policy remedies, including a liquidity-linked capital surcharge, modifications to liquidity standards such as the Basel III net stable funding ratio (NSFR) and universal margin requirements for SFTs.

Existing Regulatory Tools:  In his speech, Governor Stein argued that “the mainstays of our existing regulatory toolkit–risk-based capital, liquidity, and leverage requirements–have a variety of other virtues, but none seem well-suited to lean in a comprehensive way against the specific fire-sale externalities created by SFTs.”

New Regulatory Tools:  Governor Stein went on to consider other tools that might be better suited to dealing with SFT-related fire-sales externalities. …  Read More

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